5 Construction Techniques For A Cool Summer
June 2, 2020
While constructing a building or house, it is very essential to have the basic knowledge and understanding of the thermal mass of the construction material or building materials. This understanding is fundamental and helps you in designing the house that provides warmth in winters and remains cool in summers. You can achieve a greater level of internal comfort and efficiency by constructing a house/building that incorporates an optimum level of insulation with proper placement of glazing, windows, doors, and shades. With these amazing construction techniques, you can design a house that remains cool in hot scorching summer.
1) Orientate for the Ideal Position
With ideal positioning and orientational construction, you will be able to achieve the optimum amount of heat and cold to keep the house warm during winter and cool during summers. It will help to make your house an ideal place to reside. The construction should be done by keeping the sun’s path and prevailing wind patterns in view. It will enable the house to receive most of the natural sources of energy. There are a few things that you can follow while constructing the house.
- You must initially focus on orienting the largest dimension of the house towards the north and south direction. It will be best to avoid heavy sun radiation exposure in summers.
- Another point is to try that most of the windows face the south direction but not east or west. Moreover, you must have windows of different sizes which would be beneficial in controlling the ingress and egress of the climatic elements.
2) Working To Have Proper Insulation
With effective and appropriate insulation, you would be able to hinder the movement of the heat between two different mediums. You must start by insulating all the important elements of the house such as walls, windows, doors, ceiling, and loft. Doing so will bar the incoming heat during summers and cold air during winters.Generally, there are two prominent types of insulation techniques:
- Bulk Insulation Technique
- Reflective Foil Insulation Technique
Bulk Insulation technique: It is considered as one of the common types of techniques that makes use of still air as an important insulating material which is trapped within the entire structure.
Reflective Foil Insulation Technique: In this technique, the insulation is done by making use of foil which will simply reflect back the heat in the same medium. Most of the time, this technique is considered to be the ideal choice for warmer climates.
3) The Structural Design Should Focus On Effective Cross Ventilation
When your house has an effective cross-ventilation system, you can easily ensure that your house is easily cooled just by maintaining steady air circulation from one end of the house to another. While adopting construction techniques, it is important to make sure that the direction of the prevailing wind is in order which could be completely exploited for cross benefits. Once again, you must focus on the size of the windows and door to get the positive impact of cross ventilation.
4) Reflective Roof Coating:
Having a reflective roof coating of light color can prevent the absorption of the heat during summers. (dark colors absorb a huge amount of heat and light colors reflect back). Light-colored roofs are technically beneficial in reflecting the eating and keeping the buildings cool. You can make use of white lime wash which is commonly used as the roof coating.
5) Make Use Of Suitable Construction Material
There is a wide range of roofing or construction material available which helps in reducing heat absorption. You must choose the right construction materials which have better thermal resistance as compared to conventional construction material.
Generally, building materials such as stone, brick, and concrete are considered great because of their ability to absorb and release heat slowly which creates soothing temperature. The daytime is cooler and nighttime is warmer. It is due to the high thermal mass of the building material.
Building materials that have greater thermal mass are expected to reduce the internal temperature up to 5-degree celsius. Moreover, it can also reduce electricity consumption by 30 percent.
The construction techniques will definitely accomplish the cooling needs of the house or an office building in summers. But most importantly, these techniques can also benefit in decades of energy-saving.